ارائه یک چهارچوب تصمیم گیری برای انتخاب تامین کننده در محیط فازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار ، دانشکده اقتصاد ، مدیریت و علوم اجتماعی ، دانشگاه شیراز ، شیراز ، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد ، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری ، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

امروزه محیط کسب‌و‌کار، مقدمات پیدایش سطح بالایی از عدم اطمینان و رفتارهای آشفته در زنجیره‌های تامین را فراهم کرده است. تامین‌کنندگان در بیشتر مواقع به عنوان اصلی‌ترین منابع ریسک‌های بیرونی مطرح هستند که مقدمات پیدایش سطوح گسترده‌ای از اختلالات در زنجیره‌های تامین را فراهم می‌سازند؛ به همین دلیل انتخاب تامین‌کنندگان مناسب و در عین حال تاب‌آور می تواند هزینه‌های خرید و زمان‌های تاخیر را به میزان زیادی کاهش داده و قابلیت تداوم کسب‌وکار در زمان بروز اختلالات و به پیروی از آن رقابت‌پذیری شرکت و رضایت مشتریان را افزایش دهد. هدف پژوهش حاضر، شناسایی و برسی شاخص‌های ارزیابی تاب‌آوری تامین‌کنندگان از دو بعد اهمیت و تاثیرگذاری برای انتخاب تامین‌کننده تاب‌آور در صنایع الکترونیک ایران می‌باشد. در این راستا از نکنیک‌های غربالگری، دیمتل، فرایند تحلیل شبکه‌ای و برنامه‌ریزی آرمانی استفاده شده که بنا بر فضای عدم قطعیت حاکم بر ماهیت تحقیق کلیه روش‌ها در محیط فازی صورت گرفته است. نتایج نشان می دهد که شاخص‌های مدیریت منابع انسانی، مشاهده پذیری و قدرت مالی تاثیرگذارترین و شاخص‌های آسیب‌پذیری، مدیریت ریسک و قابلیت تطبیق و سازگاری تاثیرپذیرترین عوامل هستند. همچنین به لحاظ تعامل، شاخص‌ همکاری بیشترین و شاخص پایداری کمترین تعامل را با سایر عوامل دارد. به لحاظ اهمیت نیز، شاخص‌های چابکی، قابلیت تطبیق و سازگاری و اسیب‌پذیری مهمترین عوامل هستند. در انتها ضمن ارائه مطالعه موردی از صنعت و بکارگیری برنامه‌ریزی آرمانی، قابلیت مدل تلفیقی پژوهش در حل مسائل دنیای واقعی نشان داده شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A decision framework for supplier selection under a fuzzy environment

نویسندگان [English]

  • moslem alimohammdlou 1
  • abbas bonyani 2
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Economic, Management and Social Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
2 MSc., Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the business environment has provided causes of emerging a high level of uncertainty and turbulent behavior in supply chains. In most cases, suppliers are considered as the main sources of external risks which provide causes of emerging wide levels of disruptions in supply chains; therefore, choosing the appropriate and also resilient suppliers can greatly reduce purchasing costs and delay times and also increase the ability to maintain business in the case of disruption, competitiveness of the company and satisfaction of customers. This study is aimed to identify and investigate the attributes for evaluating the suppliers’ resilience from the two aspects, the importance and effectiveness of choosing the resilient suppliers in Iran electronic industries. In this regard, screening, dematel, analytic network process and goal programming have been used that they were performed in the fuzzy environment due to the uncertainty of the nature of all researches. Results showed that some attributes including, human resource management, visibility, and financial strength are the most influential factors. In terms of importance, agility, adaptability, and vulnerability are also the most important factors. At the end, while presenting a case study of the industry and applying goal programming, the ability of the proposed combined model in solving the real-world problems is shown.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supplier Selection
  • Fuzzy Goal Programming
  • Fuzzy DEMATEL
  • Fuzzy ANP
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