اهمیت‌سنجی اقدامات مدیریت زنجیره تأمین سبز در حوزه صنایع نفتی ایران (رویکرد ترکیبی FISM_FANP)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصاد، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصاد، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصاد، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز به عنوان یک فلسفه مهم سازمانی در کاهش خطرات محیطی و یک رویکرد پیشگیرانه جهت بهبود عملکرد زیست محیطی و دستیابی به مزایای رقابتی در سازمان‌‌ها تلقی  می‌‌شود. هدف اصلی پژوهش، شناسایی و اهمیت‌‌سنجی اقدامات مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز در حوزه صنایع نفتی ایران است. با مطالعه ادبیات موضوعی و بهره‌‌گیری از رویکرد تحلیل محتوای متنی تعداد پانزده اقدام سبز احصاء شد. جامعه‌‌آماری تحقیق را مدیران و کارشناسان آشنا به موضوع و شاغل در حوزه صنایع نفتی تشکیل دادند. اعضای نمونه از طریق روش نمونه گیری غیر تصادفی هدفمند از نوع قضاوتی انتخاب شدند.  برای جمع‌‌آوری داده‌‌ها از پرسشنامه محقق ساخته استفاده شد که روایی و پایایی آن نیز تائید گردید. به منظور دستیابی به هدف تحقیق، از رویکرد ترکیبی فازی استفاده شد.  نتایج بیان می‌‌دارد که اقدامات «الزامات قانونی و مقررات»، «مدیریت محیط داخلی»، «طراحی سبز»، «خرید و تامین سبز»، و «فناوری سبز» دارای اهمیت نهایی بیشتر نسبت به سایر اقدامات در حوزه مدیریت زنجیره تامین سبز صنایع  نفتی ایران می‌‌باشند. این تحقیق، از جهت بسط مفاهیم نظری و توسعه‌‌ رویکرد مدل‌‌سازی ساختاری تفسیری فازی دارای نوآوری می‌‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing Green Supply Chain Management Practices in the Field of Iran's Oil Industries (FISM_FANP Hybrid Approach)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Ghorbanpoor 1
  • Alireza Pooya 2
  • Shamsodin Nazemi 3
  • Naji Azimi 2
1 PhD student, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

Green supply chain management is consideredas an important organizational philosophy in the reduction of environmental hazards as well as a proactive approach to improve the environmental performanceand Achieve sustainable competitive advantages in organizations. The main aim of this study is to identify and measures the importance of a green supply chain management practices in the Field of Iran's Oil Industries. By reviewing the literature and using text content analysis approachwe recognizedfifteen green practices.The statistical population ofthis research included managers and experts familiar with the issue and working in the field of Iran's Oil Industries.
Sample members were selected with targeted non-random sampling method.A researcher made questionnaire was used for data collection that its validity and reliability was confirmed. In order to achieve the purpose of research fuzzy mixed approachwas used. The results of analysis showed that legal requirements and regulations, and internal environmental management, design green, and green technology are the effecting practices in green supply chain management which require more emphasis and attention of managers on this kind of practices. It should be noted that the present study has innovation for development of theoretical concepts and the use of subjective judgment in determining the interal relations and using Fuzzy Integrated Approch.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Green Supply Chain Management
  • Fuzzy Analytical Network Process
  • fuzzy Interprative Steracural modelling

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